Inver Hills Community College


Home & Contents                       Basics                       College Writing             




Click on any  part or section below:

Part I. Basics/Process

  A. Chapters 1-6: Start

  B. Ch. 7-13: Organize

  C. Ch. 14-20: Revise/Edit

Part II. College Writing

   D. Ch. 21-23: What Is It?

   E. Ch. 24-30: Write on Rdgs.

   F. Ch.31-35: Arguments

  G. Ch. 36-42: Research

  H. Ch. 43-48: Literature

   I.  Ch. 49-58: Majors & Work

Part III. Grammar

 Study Questions




What are online resources you can use to write papers?





Your College Library

Readings on the Web

Grammar, Spelling, & Punctuation Help

Specific Types of Papers & Disciplines/Professions

ESL/NNS: English as a Second Language



Much writing starts with reading and research.  In many cases, you start with texts.  But good college writing--especially when it involves research--requires finding excellent resources.  There are a number of sources for such materials.  Some common examples are

1. Materials required or recommended by your instructor

2. Materials found in your college or other nearby library

3. Materials you discover or create for yourself, such as in interviews, lab research, or field research

4. Materials you find on the web

This brief chapter is about what you can find on the web to help you write better. 


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Your College Library

The importance of a library in writing papers is still unequalled.  This is true even more in our times, when online information is becoming much more common than printed information.  This is because more and more scholarly and professional resources--journals, books, news, and reference materials--are now online.  And often you have to go to--or through--your own college library or its website to access these materials for free.

In fact, we should look at a more modern definition of what a library is.  A library is not just a physical building or location.  It has become much more.  It is a "resource center" that includes not just printed materials but also a very important website and web network--like a giant spider's web of resources--that reach both on campus and far beyond it to national and international resources. 

Your own college library--even the smallest physical library--can have an enormous number of online resources unavailable to you on the free Web, and unavailable in a public library, as well.  This is because college libraries have a significant part of their budgets devoted to subscribing to online academic, scholarly, and professional journals, news sources, and a wide array of other subscription-only information that can be highly useful in research. 

College libraries also often have some of the very best-trained individuals--librarians--for finding significant research materials using subscription-only online services.  These libraries subscribe to these million-plus resources specifically to help students learn and complete research.  And they pay well-trained librarians to help the students. 

Take advantage of the money you are paying--or someone is paying--for your education.  Ask a librarian to show you what is available for your own research project.  Librarians also can show you how to access your college library system online from other locations on campus or from where you live.


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Readings on the Web

You also can access 1+ million college-level readings simply and easily through the Web.  This textbook you are reading,, has a companion book, a web directory called the Online Grammar Handbook or, for short,  It lists a number of reading sources you can use.  All of the following readings (and more) are in, but they are repeated here for your convenience and simply so you can see the great variety and depth of academic and professional readings available on the web.  You can search for much more by yourself using a search engine such as

LITERATURE (listed in at bottom of "Chapter 4. Literature"):

GENERAL READINGS (listed in at bottom of "Chapter 14. Arguments, Books, & News):

     Short Argumentative Readings:


     Online Books, Journals, Newspapers, & Magazines on Many Subjects:


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Grammar, Spelling, & Punctuation Help

There also are wonderful resources on the web, now, for both academic and professional revision and editing questions and needs.  These range from materials for the lowest levels of elementary school through scholarly, graduate-level education and top professional work.  In addition to the chapters of this book that are in the sections listed in the left column, offers hundreds of revision and editing websites, videos, and other online resources in these subject areas. 

Each chapter below has, for its subject, a list of a few dozen of the best resources for college and professional writing, on average.  You can find even more by yourself by using a search engine such as  Go to any of these chapters simply by clicking on


       1. About This Site
. Process & Focus 
. How to Think & Read in College 
. Literature, Reading, & Writing


       5. Choosing Words 
       6. Making Sentences 
       7. Organizing and Paragraphs


       8. General Editing
       9. Spelling 
     10. Punctuation
     11. Grammar Guides


     12. Types of Papers--Directions & Samples
     13. Help for ESL/NNS/TESOL
. Online Arguments, Books, & News
     15. Writing Textbooks & Tutors


     16. Research Writing, Plagiarism, & Samples   
. Citation & Documentation (MLA, APA, et al.)
. References & Research Resources


     19. Visual & Multimodal Design
20. Writing in Majors, Disciplines, Professions
. Job/School Applications, Resumes, Covers


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Specific Types of Papers & Disciplines/Professions also has many dozens of sample papers, along with many short sets of instructions on how to write them.  Go to these parts of to find sample papers and instructions for writing them:

"Perfect [Research] Papers?"

Chapter 12. "Types of [1st- & 2nd-yr.] Papers"

Chapter 20. "Writing in Majors, Disciplines, Professions"

Chapter 21. "Applications, Resumes, Cover Letters"


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ESL/NNS: English as a Second Language/Nonnative Speakers

Finally, the web has a huge number of resources for ESL/NNS college students and beginning professionals.  However, a large number of them are devoted to elementary school levels. has a chapter listing a number of college-level resources and sites for ESL/NNS students.  To find it, go to

"Chapter 13. "Help for ESL/NNS."


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21. What is "College Writing"

22. Levels of College Writer

23. Resources & Readings



 Related Links in

Perfect Papers?

12. Types of Papers

20. Writing in Disciplines


Updated 1 Aug. 2013

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1st through 5th Editions:: Writing for School & Work, 1984-1998;, 1998-2012.
6th Edition: 8-1-12, rev. 8-1-13.  Text, design, and photos copyright 2002-12 by R. Jewell or as noted.
Permission is hereby granted for nonprofit educational copying and use without a written request.
Images courtesy of Barry's Clip Art, Clip Art Warehouse, The Clip Art Universe, Clipart Collection, MS Clip Art Gallery and Design Gallery Live, School Discovery, and Web Clip Art
Click here to contact the author: Richard Jewell.  Questions and suggestions are welcome.