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Travel Journals--OneVillage Partners



Female Genital Mutilation: Some of these pages are difficult to look at, but these three Web sites do a good job of covering what is a widespread problem of profound consequence to most cultures throughout Africa and is life changing to the great majority of most women in Africa.


Female Genital Mutiliation: "Prisoners of Ritual - Some Contemporary Developments in the History of Female Genital Mutilation" by Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, a "paper presented at the Second International Symposium on Circumcision in San Francisco, April 30-May 3, 1991.  5000 w.



"Female Genital Mutilation": American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Bioethics, Policy Statement.  Pediatrics, Vol. 102, No. 1, July 1998, pp. 153-156.  "Abstract": "The traditional custom of ritual cutting and alteration of the genitalia of female infants, girls, and adolescents...persists....  Immigrants...may [also] have daughters who have undergone a ritual genital procedure or may request that such a procedure be performed…."  2000 w.   (WARNING: GRAPHIC DRAWINGS).



"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Africa, the Middle East & Far East" by B.A. Robinson - .Viewpoint from Islamic beliefs.  "FGM is a social custom, not a religious practice. However, in those Muslim countries where it is practiced, FGM is often justified by a controversial saying attributed to the Prophet Mohammed that seems to favor sunna circumcision.... Even if true, it only permits the practice, ...not mandate it." 1600 w.



Health Information for Travelers to Countries in West Africa, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention



Midwifery Articles and Books

Find dozens of articles and books about midwifery in Third World Countries and in Africa.


Midwives for Missions of Service, an American organization devoted to successfully training midwives in Sierra Leone's eastern region.


Prosthetics Outreach Foundation--Helping the Developing World Walk AgainSierra Leonean Rehabilitation Initiative.




Food and Hunger

Food Insecurity in the World, 2004, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (full report or 2 page flyer):


One--The Campaign To Make Poverty History: This is a good starter site for developing your own interest in global poverty, its consequences, and methods of stopping it.  The program has over two million members with supporting groups that include Oxfam, Save the Children, Care USA, International Medical Core, United Nations Foundation, a number of religious organizations, and many others.  



Most recent revision of this page: 31 July 2010

First publication of Web site as, 15 Aug. 2005; as, 15 June 2010.

Written content & page design unless otherwise noted: Richard Jewell.

Photos unless otherwise noted are © 2004-10 by R. Jewell and other members of OneVillage Partners. 

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Questions, suggestions, comments, & requests for site links: Contact Richard Jewell.
This web site is an educational site for the benefit of the students of Inver Hills College and other students everywhere.


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