Inver Hills Community College


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Part I. Basics/Process

  A. Chapters 1-6: Start

  B. Ch. 7-13: Organize

  C. Ch. 14-20: Revise/Edit

Part II. College Writing

   D. Ch. 21-23: What Is It?

   E. Ch. 24-30: Write on Rdgs.

   F. Ch.31-35: Arguments

  G. Ch. 36-42: Research

  H. Ch. 43-48: Literature

   I.  Ch. 49-58: Majors & Work

Part III. Grammar

 Study Questions



UNO "Universal Organizer"

by Paul Borzo

A Method of Using Visual Diagramming

A similar version is at


UNO--Universal Organizer

Print a blank version for your own use.



…are hardly necessary! UNO (The Universal Organizer) breaks down a large project into manageable steps:

  1. Write the name of the topic or title in the center circle.

  2. Write one key point in each section of the inner ring.

  3. Write any sub-points in each section of the middle ring. Continue adding support information and details in the outer ring(s); expand on these when writing the paper.

  4. Once this information is written down, the paper is completely outlined—by sections and by order. (You are not limited to these sections or rings—use UNO in any way it works for you!

  5. To write the paper from the outline, summarize the key points in the first ring, telling what the paper will discuss [introduction]. Then each section becomes a paragraph (or portion) of the paper [body]. Elaborate with the support information and details, moving outward from the center. Highlight information as it is used. When the section is completely highlighted, move on to the next section.  You are writing the paper in small segments and can easily see what has been used, as well as your progress. Continue with each section; then summarize your thoughts [conclusion].

IT IS ESSENTIAL to use a highlighter to “mark out” the information as you use it. This shows what you’ve used – and it shows your progress!




Feedback: comments, suggestions, and suggestions for other uses are appreciated!

Your feedback is important! If UNO has helped you in a unique way, share it with us! The UNO model is based on a number of traditional brainstorming and grouping methods; UNO combines segmentation and priority at the same time. If you know of similar models, please share them, too!

--paul.borzo (at)

Some uses:

organizing a paper

taking notes from a chapter of a textbook

designing a website

planning a project or event

adding description to people or places

Be creative! Add rings or sections, or start "satellites."


For a PDF of this page, click here: UNO Diagram.

Print a blank version for your own use.


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This page © 2003 by P. K. Borzo.  Permission to use: Contact Paul.Borzo (at)







1. How I Learned

2. Focus

3. First Drafts

4. Self & Others

5. Modes

6. Thinking



Activities (Exercises)

8 Students' Writing Stories

UNO Universal Organizer


 Related Links in

  2. Process & Focus 

  3. Thinking & Reading


14. Free Readings




Updated 1 Aug. 2013

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1st through 5th Editions:: Writing for School & Work, 1984-1998;, 1998-2012.
6th Edition: 8-1-12, rev. 8-1-13.  Text, design, and photos copyright 2002-12 by R. Jewell or as noted.
Permission is hereby granted for nonprofit educational copying and use without a written request.
Images courtesy of Barry's Clip Art, Clip Art Warehouse, The Clip Art Universe, Clipart Collection, MS Clip Art Gallery and Design Gallery Live, School Discovery, and Web Clip Art
Click here to contact the author: Richard Jewell.  Questions and suggestions are welcome.